The approximate computation of all gravitational forces between N interacting particles via the fast multipole method (FMM) can be made as accurate as direct summation, but requires less than ? ( N) operations. FMM groups particles into spatially bounded cells and uses cell-cell interactions to approximate the force at any position within the sink cell by a Taylor expansion obtained from the multipole expansion of the source cell. By employing a novel estimate for the errors incurred in this process, I minimise the computational effort required for a given accuracy and obtain a well-behaved distribution of force errors. For relative force errors of ∼10-7, the computational costs exhibit an empirical scaling of ∝ N 0.87. My implementation (running on a 16 core node) out-performs a GPU-based direct summation with comparable force errors for.
Computational Astrophysics and Cosmology
- Pub Date:
- September 2014
- Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics;
- Physics - Computational Physics
- 21 pages, 15 figures, accepted for publication in Journal for Computational Astrophysics and Cosmology