High power Stirling-type pulse tube cryocoolers are considered as one of the ideal candidates for cooling high temperature superconducting devices for its high reliability and high efficiency. The inhomogeneity of flow in a large-diameter pulse tube is one of the main obstacles to develop an efficient cryocooler. In this paper, a Stirling-type pulse tube cryocooler with 100 W-class cooling power at 77 K was developed and tested. A screen-filled secondary water-cooled heat exchanger is used at the hot end of the pulse tube to suppress the jet steaming. Then, attentions were focused on the influence of the pulse tube configurations on the cooling performance. Pulse tubes with different size and taper angle were investigated. With a 100 mm-long cylindrical pulse tube, a cooling power of more than 100 W at 77 K was obtained, and with a 75 mm-long tapered pulse tube of 2.8°, the relative Carnot efficiency of the cryocooler from acoustic work to cooling power reached 29.8%. If the efficiency of the compressor is 80%, the relative Carnot efficiency of the whole system could reach about 24%, showing great attraction to HTS applications.