Ultrafast atomic transport in recrystallizing ultrafine grained Ni
We studied tracer self-diffusion in ultrafine grained Ni prepared by high pressure torsion. Two Ni materials of low (99.6 wt. %) and high (99.99 wt. %) purity levels were investigated. While the ultrafine grained structure of less pure Ni remained stable during diffusion annealing, recrystallization and subsequent grain growth occurred in high purity Ni at the same annealing conditions. Nevertheless, qualitatively similar ultrafast diffusion rates were measured in the samples of both purity levels. In high purity Ni, the kinetics of recrystallization was found to deviate strongly from the predictions of the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov theory. Moreover, the ultrafast diffusion paths withstood the recrystallization process. A model which accounts for solute redistribution in front of the moving boundary is suggested. Retaining of deformation-induced ultrafast diffusion paths in recrystallized Ni is explained by a specific mechanism of enhanced stability of the residual ultrafine grained fraction against recrystallization.
- Pub Date:
- December 2013
- Condensed Matter - Materials Science