Canonical equations of Hamilton for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation
Abstract
We define two different systems of mathematical physics: the secondorder differential system (SODS) and the firstorder differential system (FODS). The Newton's second law of motion and the nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) are the exemplary SODS and FODS, respectively. We obtain a new kind of canonical equations of Hamilton (CEH), which are of some kind of symmetry in form and are formally different with the conventional CEH without symmetry [H. Goldstein, C. Poole, J. Safko, Classical Mechanics, third ed., AddisonWesley, 2001]. We also prove that the number of the CEHs is equal to the number of the generalized coordinates for the FODS, but twice the number of the generalized coordinates for the SODS. We show that the FODS can only be expressed by the new CEH, but do not by the conventional CEH, while the SODS can be done by both the new and the conventional CEHs. As an example, we prove that the nonlinear Schrödinger equation can be expressed with the new CEH in a consistent way.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 November 2013
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1311.0115
 Bibcode:
 2013arXiv1311.0115L
 Keywords:

 Physics  Classical Physics;
 Mathematical Physics;
 Nonlinear Sciences  Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems
 EPrint:
 12 pages, no figures. arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:1212.1955