Scaling limits for conditional diffusion exit problems, Doob's h-transform, and asymptotics for nonlinear elliptic equations
The goal of this paper is to supplement the large deviation principle of the Freidlin--Wentzell theory on exit problems for diffusion processes with results of classical central limit theorem kind. We describe a class of situations where conditioning on exit through unlikely locations leads to a Gaussian scaling limit for the exit distribution. Our results are based on Doob's h-transform and new asymptotic convergence gradient estimates for elliptic nonlinear equations that allow to reduce the problem to the Levinson case. We devote a separate section to a rigorous and general discussion of h-transform.