Transfer operators and topological field theory
The transfer operator (TO) formalism of the dynamical systems (DS) theory is reformulated here in terms of the recently proposed supersymetric theory of stochastic differential equations (SDE). It turns out that the stochastically generalized TO (GTO) of the DS theory is the finite-time Fokker-Planck evolution operator. As a result comes the supersymmetric trivialization of the so-called sharp trace and sharp determinant of the GTO, with the former being the Witten index, which is also the stochastic generalization of the Lefschetz index so that it equals the Euler characteristic of the (closed) phase space for any flow vector field, noise metric, and temperature. The enabled possibility to apply the spectral theorems of the DS theory to the Fokker-Planck operators allows to extend the previous picture of the spontaneous topological supersymmetry (Q-symmetry) breaking onto the situations with negative ground state's attenuation rate. The later signifies the exponential growth of the number of periodic solutions/orbits in the large time limit, which is the unique feature of chaotic behavior proving that the spontaneous breakdown of Q-symmetry is indeed the field-theoretic definition and stochastic generalization of the concept of deterministic chaos. In addition, the previously proposed low-temperature classification of SDEs, i.e., thermodynamic equilibrium / noise-induced chaos ((anti)instanton condensation, intermittent) / ordinary chaos (non-integrability of the flow vector field), is complemented by the discussion of the high-temperature regime where the sharp boundary between the noise-induced and ordinary chaotic phases must smear out into a crossover, and at even higher temperatures the Q-symmetry is restored. The Weyl quantization is discussed in the context of the Ito-Stratonovich dilemma.
- Pub Date:
- August 2013
- Mathematical Physics;
- High Energy Physics - Theory;
- Nonlinear Sciences - Chaotic Dynamics
- 51 pages, 3 figures