Colored knot amplitudes and Hall-Littlewood polynomials
The amplitudes of refined Chern-Simons (CS) theory, colored by antisymmetric (or symmetric) representations, conjecturally generate the Lambda^r- (or S^r-) colored triply graded homology of (n,m) torus knots. This paper is devoted to the generalization of Rosso-Jones formula to refined amplitudes, that involves non-trivial Gamma-factors -- expansion coefficients in the Macdonald basis. We derive from refined CS theory a linear recursion w.r.t. transformations (n,m) -> (n, n+m) and (n,m) -> (m,-n) that fully determines these factors. Applying this recursion to (n,nk+1) torus knots colored by antisymmetric representations [1^r] we prove that their amplitudes are rectangular [n^r] Hall-Littlewood polynomials under k units of framing (a.k.a. the Bergeron-Garsia nabla) operator. For symmetric representations [r], we find the dual -- q-Whittaker -- polynomials. These results confirm and give a colored extension of the observation of arXiv:1201.3339 that triply graded homology of many torus knots has a strikingly simple description in terms of Hall-Littlewood polynomials.
- Pub Date:
- August 2013
- Mathematical Physics;
- High Energy Physics - Theory;
- Mathematics - Quantum Algebra
- 20 pages, 3 figures