Let X be a compact complex manifold equipped with a smooth (but not necessarily positive) closed form theta of one-one type. By a well-known envelope construction this data determines a canonical theta-psh function u which is not two times differentiable, in general. We introduce a family of regularizations of u, parametrized by a positive number beta, defined as the smooth solutions of complex Monge-Ampere equations of Aubin-Yau type. It is shown that, as beta tends to infinity, the regularizations converge to the envelope u in the strongest possible Holder sense. A generalization of this result to the case of a nef and big cohomology class is also obtained. As a consequence new PDE proofs are obtained for the regularity results for envelopes in  (which, however, are weaker than the results in  in the case of a non-nef big class). Applications to the regularization problem for quasi-psh functions and geodesic rays in the closure of the space of Kahler metrics are given. As briefly explained there is a statistical mechanical motivation for this regularization procedure, where beta appears as the inverse temperature. This point of view also leads to an interpretation of the regularizations as transcendental Bergman metrics.
- Pub Date:
- July 2013
- Mathematics - Complex Variables;
- Mathematical Physics;
- Mathematics - Differential Geometry
- 28 pages. Version 2: 29 pages. Improved exposition, references updated. Version 3: 31 pages. A direct proof of the bound on the Monge-Amp\`ere mass of the envelope for a general big class has been included and Theorem 2.2 has been generalized to measures satisfying a Bernstein-Markov property