For the two-user MISO broadcast channel with imperfect and delayed channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT), the work explores the tradeoff between performance on the one hand, and CSIT timeliness and accuracy on the other hand. The work considers a broad setting where communication takes place in the presence of a random fading process, and in the presence of a feedback process that, at any point in time, may provide CSIT estimates - of some arbitrary accuracy - for any past, current or future channel realization. This feedback quality may fluctuate in time across all ranges of CSIT accuracy and timeliness, ranging from perfectly accurate and instantaneously available estimates, to delayed estimates of minimal accuracy. Under standard assumptions, the work derives the degrees-of-freedom (DoF) region, which is tight for a large range of CSIT quality. This derived DoF region concisely captures the effect of channel correlations, the accuracy of predicted, current, and delayed-CSIT, and generally captures the effect of the quality of CSIT offered at any time, about any channel. The work also introduces novel schemes which - in the context of imperfect and delayed CSIT - employ encoding and decoding with a phase-Markov structure. The results hold for a large class of block and non-block fading channel models, and they unify and extend many prior attempts to capture the effect of imperfect and delayed feedback. This generality also allows for consideration of novel pertinent settings, such as the new periodically evolving feedback setting, where a gradual accumulation of feedback bits progressively improves CSIT as time progresses across a finite coherence period.
- Pub Date:
- June 2013
- Computer Science - Information Theory
- Accepted to IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory. This paper was presented in part at the 50th Annual Allerton Conference 2012, at ITA-UCSD 2013, and at ISIT 2013