Optical horn antennas for efficiently transferring photons from a quantum emitter to a single-mode optical fiber
We theoretically demonstrate a fiber-integrated single photon source of unprecedented efficiency. This fiber single photon source is achieved by coupling optically a single quantum emitter to a monomode optical fiber with a new concept of ultra-broadband optical antenna. Such an optical antenna concept is the result of the transposition to optical frequencies of the well-known low-frequency horn antenna The optical horn antenna is here shown to be capable of directing the radiation from the emitter toward the optical fiber and efficiently phase-matching the photon emission with the fiber mode. Numerical results show that an optical horn antenna can funnel up to 85% of the radiation from a dipolar source within an emission cone semi-angle as small as 7 degrees (antenna directivity of 300). It is also shown that 50% of the emitted power from the dipolar source can be collected and coupled to an SMF-28 fiber mode over spectral ranges larger than 1000 nm, with a maximum energy transfer reaching 70 %. This approach is highly promising in the engineering of all-fiber "on-demand" single photon sources for telecommunication, quantum optics and sensing.