Nuclear matter and compact neutron stars are studied in the framework of the non-linear derivative (NLD) model which accounts for the momentum dependence of relativistic mean-fields. The generalized form of the energy-momentum tensor is derived which allows to consider different forms of the regulator functions in the NLD Lagrangian. The thermodynamic consistency of the NLD model is demonstrated for arbitrary choice of the regulator functions. The NLD approach describes the bulk properties of the nuclear matter and compares well with microscopic calculations and Dirac phenomenology. We further study the high density domain of the nuclear equation of state (EoS) relevant for the matter in β-equilibrium inside neutron stars. It is shown that the low density constraints imposed on the nuclear EoS and by the momentum dependence of the Schrödinger-equivalent optical potential lead to a maximum mass of the neutron stars around M≃2M⊙ which accommodates the observed mass of the J1614-2230 millisecond radio pulsar.
Nuclear Physics A
- Pub Date:
- February 2013
- Nuclear Theory;
- Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena;
- Nuclear Experiment
- 25 pages, 11 figures, accepted for publication in Nuclear Physics A