Zero-determinant strategies are a new class of probabilistic and conditional strategies that are able to unilaterally set the expected payoff of an opponent in iterated plays of the Prisoner’s Dilemma irrespective of the opponent’s strategy (coercive strategies), or else to set the ratio between the player’s and their opponent’s expected payoff (extortionate strategies). Here we show that zero-determinant strategies are at most weakly dominant, are not evolutionarily stable, and will instead evolve into less coercive strategies. We show that zero-determinant strategies with an informational advantage over other players that allows them to recognize each other can be evolutionarily stable (and able to exploit other players). However, such an advantage is bound to be short-lived as opposing strategies evolve to counteract the recognition.
- Pub Date:
- August 2013
- Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution;
- Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems;
- Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition
- 14 pages, 4 figures. Change in title (again!) to comply with Nature Communications requirements. To appear in Nature Communications