The S3flavour symmetry: Neutrino masses and mixings
Abstract
We discuss the neutrino masses and mixings as the realization of an $S_{3}$ flavour permutational symmetry in two models, namely the Standard Model and an extension of the Standard Model with three Higgs doublets. In the $S_3$ Standard Model, mass matrices of the same generic form are obtained for the neutrinos and charged leptons when the $S_{3}$ flavour symmetry is broken sequentially. In the minimal $S_{3}$symmetric extension of the Standard Model, the $S_3$ symmetry is left unbroken, and the concept of flavour is extended to the Higgs sector by introducing in the theory three Higgs fields which are SU(2) doublets. In both models, the mass matrices of the neutrino and charged leptons are reparametrized in terms of their eigenvalues, and exact, explicit analytical expressions for the neutrino mixing angles as functions of the masses of neutrinos and charged leptons are obtained. In the case of the $S_3$ Standard Model, from a $\chi^{2}$ fit of the theoretical expressions of the lepton mixing matrix to the values extracted from experiment, the numerical values of the neutrino mixing angles are obtained in excellent agreement with experimental data. In the $S_3$ extension of the Standard Model, if two of the right handed neutrinos masses are degenerate, the reactor and atmospheric mixing angles are determined by the masses of the charged leptons, yielding $\theta_{23}$ in excellent agreement with experimental data, and $\theta_{13}$ different from zero but very small. If the masses of the three right handed neutrinos are assumed to be different, then it is possible to get $\theta_{13}$ also in very good agreement with experimental data. We also show the branching ratios of some selected flavour changing neutral currents (FCNC) process as well as the contribution of the exchange of a neutral flavour changing scalar to the anomaly of the magnetic moment of the muon.
 Publication:

Fortschritte der Physik
 Pub Date:
 April 2013
 DOI:
 10.1002/prop.201200121
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1205.4755
 Bibcode:
 2013ForPh..61..546G
 Keywords:

 High Energy Physics  Phenomenology
 EPrint:
 Accepted for publication in Fortschritte der Physik. Some typos was corrected. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1004.3781, arXiv:0712.1799