We use an effective field theory for short-range forces (SREFT) to analyze systems of three identical bosons interacting via a two-body potential that generates a scattering length, a, which is large compared to the range of the interaction, ℓ. The amplitude for the scattering of one boson off a bound state of the other two is computed to next-to-next-to-leading order (N2LO) in the ℓ/ a expansion. At this order, two pieces of three-body data are required as input in order to renormalize the amplitude (for fixed a). We apply our results to a model system of three Helium-4 atoms, which are assumed to interact via the TTY potential. We generate N2LO predictions for atom-dimer scattering below the dimer breakup threshold using the bound-state energy of the shallow Helium-4 trimer and the atom-dimer scattering length as our two pieces of three-body input. Based on the convergence pattern of the SREFT expansion, as well as differences in the predictions of two renormalization schemes, we conclude that our N2LO phase- shift predictions will receive higher-order corrections of < 0.2 %. In contrast, the prediction of SREFT for the binding energy of the "deep" trimer of Helium-4 atoms displays poor convergence.
- Pub Date:
- December 2013
- Nuclear Theory;
- Physics - Atomic and Molecular Clusters
- 58 pages, 20 figures. Dedicated to Professor Henryk Witala at the occasion of his 60th birthday. Submitted in Few-Body Systems