Graphite has many industrial applications. Two of the most important applications are as electrodes in industries and as moderator in nuclear industry. Determination of the Boron Equivalent of the impurity elements in graphite is the most important parameter for certifying the grade of graphite electrode . The use of a suitable method with low limits of determination of boron is therefore necessary. A method has been standardised in Analytical Chemistry Division, BARC for determining trace amounts of boron in graphite electrodes. It involves controlled dissolution of graphite sample powder and measurement of boron by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS) using matrix matched standards. The method detection limit is 1 μg g-1. The method Relative Standard Deviation was 5%. The method was verified by spike recovery experiments. Recoveries were found to be within 100±2% in the concentration range of 1 to 100 μg g-1. The developed method has been adopted for the compositional characterization of several graphite electrode samples.
Carbon Materials 2012 (CCM12): Carbon Materials for Energy Harvesting, Environment, Nanoscience and Technology
- Pub Date:
- June 2013
- mass spectroscopic chemical analysis;
- Electrochemistry and electrophoresis;
- Mass spectrometry