Emerging Geospatial Sharing Technologies in Earth and Space Science Informatics The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) mission is to serve as a global forum for the collaboration of developers and users of spatial data products and services, and to advance the development of international standards for geospatial interoperability. The OGC coordinates with over 400 institutions in the development of geospatial standards. In the last years two main trends are making disruptions in geospatial applications: mobile and context sharing. People now have more and more mobile devices to support their work and personal life. Mobile devices are intermittently connected to the internet and have smaller computing capacity than a desktop computer. Based on this trend a new OGC file format standard called GeoPackage will enable greater geospatial data sharing on mobile devices. GeoPackage is perhaps best understood as the natural evolution of Shapefiles, which have been the predominant lightweight geodata sharing format for two decades. However the format is extremely limited. Four major shortcomings are that only vector points, lines, and polygons are supported; property names are constrained by the dBASE format; multiple files are required to encode a single data set; and multiple Shapefiles are required to encode multiple data sets. A more modern lingua franca for geospatial data is long overdue. GeoPackage fills this need with support for vector data, image tile matrices, and raster data. And it builds upon a database container - SQLite - that's self-contained, single-file, cross-platform, serverless, transactional, and open source. A GeoPackage, in essence, is a set of SQLite database tables whose content and layout is described in the candidate GeoPackage Implementation Specification available at https://portal.opengeospatial.org/files/?artifact_id=54838&version=1. The second trend is sharing client 'contexts'. When a user is looking into an article or a product on the web, they can easily share this information with colleagues or friends via an email that includes URLs (links to web resources) and attachments (inline data). In the case of geospatial information, a user would like to share a map created from different OGC sources, which may include for example, WMS and WFS links, and GML and KML annotations. The emerging OGC file format is called the OGC Web Services Context Document (OWS Context), which allows clients to reproduce a map previously created by someone else. Context sharing is important in a variety of domains, from emergency response, where fire, police and emergency medical personnel need to work off a common map, to multi-national military operations, where coalition forces need to share common data sources, but have cartographic displays in different languages and symbology sets. OWS Contexts can be written in XML (building upon the Atom Syndication Format) or JSON. This presentation will provide an introduction of GeoPackage and OWS Context and how they can be used to advance sharing of Earth and Space Science information.
AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts
- Pub Date:
- December 2013
- 1982 INFORMATICS Standards;
- 1964 INFORMATICS Real-time and responsive information delivery;
- 1938 INFORMATICS Knowledge representation and knowledge bases;
- 1944 INFORMATICS Markup languages