We show that real-value approximations of Kolmogorov-Chaitin (K_m) using the algorithmic Coding theorem as calculated from the output frequency of a large set of small deterministic Turing machines with up to 5 states (and 2 symbols), is in agreement with the number of instructions used by the Turing machines producing s, which is consistent with strict integer-value program-size complexity. Nevertheless, K_m proves to be a finer-grained measure and a potential alternative approach to lossless compression algorithms for small entities, where compression fails. We also show that neither K_m nor the number of instructions used shows any correlation with Bennett's Logical Depth LD(s) other than what's predicted by the theory. The agreement between theory and numerical calculations shows that despite the undecidability of these theoretical measures, approximations are stable and meaningful, even for small programs and for short strings. We also announce a first Beta version of an Online Algorithmic Complexity Calculator (OACC), based on a combination of theoretical concepts, as a numerical implementation of the Coding Theorem Method.
- Pub Date:
- November 2012
- Computer Science - Information Theory;
- Computer Science - Computational Complexity;
- Computer Science - Formal Languages and Automata Theory
- 22 pages, 8 images. This article draws heavily from arXiv:1211.1302