Migration in a Small World: A Network Approach to Modeling Immigration Processes
Existing theories of migration either focus on micro- or macroscopic behavior of populations; that is, either the average behavior of entire population is modeled directly, or decisions of individuals are modeled directly. In this work, we seek to bridge these two perspectives by modeling individual agents decisions to migrate while accounting for the social network structure that binds individuals into a population. Pecuniary considerations combined with the decisions of peers are the primary elements of the model, being the main driving forces of migration. People of the home country are modeled as nodes on a small-world network. A dichotomous state is associated with each node, indicating whether it emigrates to the destination country or it stays in the home country. We characterize the emigration rate in terms of the relative welfare and population of the home and destination countries. The time evolution and the steady-state fraction of emigrants are also derived.
- Pub Date:
- July 2012
- Physics - Physics and Society;
- Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics;
- Computer Science - Social and Information Networks
- 50th Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control, and Computing (Allerton), 2012, Page(s): 136 - 143