We study the interplay of superfluidity and glassy ordering of hard core bosons with random, frustrating interactions. This is motivated by bosonic systems such as amorphous supersolid, disordered superconductors with preformed pairs, and helium in porous media. We analyze the fully connected mean field version of this problem, which exhibits three low-temperature phases, separated by two continuous phase transitions: an insulating, glassy phase with an amorphous frozen density pattern, a nonglassy superfluid phase, and an intermediate phase, in which both types of order coexist. We elucidate the nature of the phase transitions, highlighting in particular the role of glassy correlations across the superfluid-insulator transition. The latter suppress superfluidity down to T=0, due to the depletion of the low-energy density of states, unlike in the standard BCS scenario. Further, we investigate the properties of the coexistence (superglass) phase. We find anticorrelations between the local order parameters and a nonmonotonous superfluid order parameter as a function of T. The latter arises due to the weakening of the glassy correlation gap with increasing temperature. Implications of the mean field phenomenology for finite dimensional bosonic glasses with frustrating Coulomb interactions are discussed.
Physical Review B
- Pub Date:
- March 2012
- Disordered solids;
- Superfluid transition and critical phenomena;
- Condensed Matter - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks
- 14 pages, 3 figures, comparison with Monte Carlo data added