Dual behaviors of magnetic CoxFe1-x (0≤x≤1) nanowires embedded in nanoporous with different diameters
CoxFe1-x nanowire arrays with various diameters and different composition were fabricated by ac electrodeposition using porous alumina template. Coercivity along the easy axis reaches to a maximum at 2330 Oe, for CoxFe1-x nanowires containing about 40 at% Co. The crystalline structure of the nanowires was concentration-independent and shows a bcc structure. The critical diameter for transition from coherent rotation to curling mode is 35 nm for CoFe containing less than 40 at% Co while it is 30 nm for those with more than 40 at% Co. Optimizing the magnetic properties of CoFe with different Co content was seen to be dependent on the diameter of nanowires. For 25 nm diameter, the optimum was shown below 50 at% Co while it was seen above 50 at% for nanowires with 50 nm diameter. The angular dependence of the coercivity with nanowires diameter were also studied.