Numerical calculation of Bessel, Hankel and Airy functions
Abstract
The numerical evaluation of an individual Bessel or Hankel function of large order and large argument is a notoriously problematic issue in physics. Recurrence relations are inefficient when an individual function of high order and argument is to be evaluated. The coefficients in the wellknown uniform asymptotic expansions have a complex mathematical structure which involves Airy functions. For Bessel and Hankel functions, we present an adapted algorithm which relies on a combination of three methods: (i) numerical evaluation of Debye polynomials, (ii) calculation of Airy functions with special emphasis on their Stokes lines, and (iii) resummation of the entire uniform asymptotic expansion of the Bessel and Hankel functions by nonlinear sequence transformations. In general, for an evaluation of a special function, we advocate the use of nonlinear sequence transformations in order to bridge the gap between the asymptotic expansion for large argument and the Taylor expansion for small argument ("principle of asymptotic overlap"). This general principle needs to be strongly adapted to the current case, taking into account the complex phase of the argument. Combining the indicated techniques, we observe that it possible to extend the range of applicability of existing algorithms. Numerical examples and reference values are given.
 Publication:

Computer Physics Communications
 Pub Date:
 March 2012
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.cpc.2011.11.010
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1112.0072
 Bibcode:
 2012CoPhC.183..506J
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Numerical Analysis;
 Physics  Atomic Physics
 EPrint:
 18 pages