The spectrum of thermal gravitational waves is obtained by including the high-frequency thermal gravitons created from extra-dimensional effects and is a new feature of the spectrum. The amplitude and spectral energy density of gravitational waves in a thermal vacuum state are found to be enhanced. The amplitude of the waves is modified in the frequency range (10-16-108 Hz) but the corresponding spectral energy density is less than the upper bound of various estimated results. With the addition of higher frequency thermal waves, the obtained spectral energy density of the wave in the thermal vacuum state does not exceed the upper bound put by the nucleosynthesis rate. The existence of cosmologically originated thermal gravitational waves due to extra dimension is not ruled out.
Classical and Quantum Gravity
- Pub Date:
- September 2012
- General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
- Astrophysics - Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics
- 18 pages, 4 figures, to appear in Classical and Quantum Gravity. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:astro-ph/0503162, arXiv:astro-ph/0501329 by other authors