This paper is a short introduction on the analysis of the concepts of field in physics, showing their different natures. It comprises a study on the development of observers based on observational realism, a physical epistemology in development, on the basis of analytical psychology. This epistemology incorporates and justify the proposition of R. Carnap, of separating observational and theoretical domains of a theory, and gives a criterion for this separation. The basis of three theories are discussed, where concepts of field emerge. We discuss the different origins and meanings of these fields, from an epistemological point of view, in their respective theories. The aim of this paper is to form a basis of discussion to be applied in the analysis of other theories where concepts of field are present, to reach a better understanding of the contemporary programs of unification. We would like to clarify if these programs are intended for unification of fields as elements of the physical reality, fields as explanations for the observations, unification of their theories, or other possible cases.