Context. The AMBRE Project is a collaboration between the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and the Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (OCA) that has been established in order to carry out the determination of stellar atmospheric parameters for the archived spectra of four ESO spectrographs.
Aims: The analysis of the FEROS archived spectra for their stellar parameters (effective temperatures, surface gravities, global metallicities, alpha element to iron ratios and radial velocities) has been completed in the first phase of the AMBRE Project. From the complete ESO:FEROS archive dataset that was received, a total of 21 551 scientific spectra have been identified, covering the period 2005 to 2010. These spectra correspond to 6285 stars.
Methods: The determination of the stellar parameters was carried out using the stellar parameterisation algorithm, MATISSE (MATrix Inversion for Spectral SynthEsis), which has been developed at OCA to be used in the analysis of large scale spectroscopic studies in galactic archaeology. An analysis pipeline has been constructed that integrates spectral normalisation, cleaning and radial velocity correction procedures in order that the FEROS spectra could be analysed automatically with MATISSE to obtain the stellar parameters. The synthetic grid against which the MATISSE analysis is carried out is currently constrained to parameters of FGKM stars only.
Results: Stellar atmospheric parameters, effective temperature, surface gravity, metallicity and alpha element abundances, were determined for 6508 (30.2%) of the FEROS archived spectra (~3087 stars). Radial velocities were determined for 11 963 (56%) of the archived spectra. 2370 (11%) spectra could not be analysed within the pipeline due to very low signal-to-noise ratios or missing spectral orders. 12 673 spectra (58.8%) were analysed in the pipeline but their parameters were discarded based on quality criteria and error analysis determined within the automated process. The majority of these rejected spectra were found to have broad spectral features, as probed both by the direct measurement of the features and cross-correlation function breadths, indicating that they may be hot and/or fast rotating stars, which are not considered within the adopted reference synthetic spectra grid. The current configuration of the synthetic spectra grid is devoted to slow-rotating FGKM stars. Hence non-standard spectra (binaries, chemically peculiar stars etc.) that could not be identified may pollute the analysis.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- June 2012
- astronomical databases: miscellaneous;
- stars: fundamental parameters;
- techniques: spectroscopic;
- methods: data analysis;
- Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- 28 pages, 28 figures, 9 tables