Solving Principal Component Pursuit in Linear Time via $l_1$ Filtering
Abstract
In the past decades, exactly recovering the intrinsic data structure from corrupted observations, which is known as robust principal component analysis (RPCA), has attracted tremendous interests and found many applications in computer vision. Recently, this problem has been formulated as recovering a lowrank component and a sparse component from the observed data matrix. It is proved that under some suitable conditions, this problem can be exactly solved by principal component pursuit (PCP), i.e., minimizing a combination of nuclear norm and $l_1$ norm. Most of the existing methods for solving PCP require singular value decompositions (SVD) of the data matrix, resulting in a high computational complexity, hence preventing the applications of RPCA to very large scale computer vision problems. In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm, called $l_1$ filtering, for \emph{exactly} solving PCP with an $O(r^2(m+n))$ complexity, where $m\times n$ is the size of data matrix and $r$ is the rank of the matrix to recover, which is supposed to be much smaller than $m$ and $n$. Moreover, $l_1$ filtering is \emph{highly parallelizable}. It is the first algorithm that can \emph{exactly} solve a nuclear norm minimization problem in \emph{linear time} (with respect to the data size). Experiments on both synthetic data and real applications testify to the great advantage of $l_1$ filtering in speed over stateoftheart algorithms.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 August 2011
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1108.5359
 Bibcode:
 2011arXiv1108.5359L
 Keywords:

 Computer Science  Numerical Analysis;
 Computer Science  Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition