Law of the leading digits and the ideological struggle for numbers
Abstract
Benford's law states that the occurrence of significant digits in many data sets is not uniform but tends to follow a logarithmic distribution such that the smaller digits appear as first significant digits more frequently than the larger ones. We investigate here numerical data on the countrywise adherent distribution of seven major world religions i.e. Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism and Baha'ism to see if the proportion of the leading digits occurring in the distribution conforms to Benford's law. We find that the adherent data of all the religions, except Christianity, excellently does conform to Benford's law. Furthermore, unlike the adherent data on Christianity, the significant digit distribution of the three major Christian denominations i.e. Catholicism, Protestantism and Orthodoxy obeys the law. Thus in spite of their complexity general laws can be established for the evolution of the religious groups.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 April 2011
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1104.3948
 Bibcode:
 2011arXiv1104.3948M
 Keywords:

 Physics  Data Analysis;
 Statistics and Probability;
 Physics  Physics and Society
 EPrint:
 11 pages, 11 figures, 3 tables, title changed to "The law of the leading digits and the world religions" for journal version in publication