Twodimensional kinematics of SLACS lenses  III. Mass structure and dynamics of earlytype lens galaxies beyond z ≃ 0.1
Abstract
We combine in a selfconsistent way the constraints from both gravitational lensing and stellar kinematics to perform a detailed investigation of the internal mass distribution, amount of dark matter, and dynamical structure of the 16 earlytype lens galaxies from the SLACS Survey, at z = 0.08  0.33, for which both HST/ACS and NICMOS highresolution imaging and VLT VIMOS IFU spectroscopy are available. Based on this data set, we analyze the inner regions of the galaxies, i.e. typically within one (3D) effective radius r_e, under the assumption of axial symmetry and by constructing dynamical models supported by twointegral stellar DFs. For all systems, the total mass density distribution is found to be well approximated by a simple powerlaw: this profile is on average slightly superisothermal, with a logarithmic slope <gamma'> = 2.074^{+0.043}_{0.041} (68% CL) and an intrinsic scatter 0.144^{+0.055}_{0.014}, and is fairly round, with an average axial ratio <q> = 0.77+/0.04. The lower limit for the dark matter fraction (fDM) inside r_e ranges, in individual systems, from nearly zero to almost a half, with a median value of 12%. By including stellar masses derived from SPS models with a Salpeter IMF, we obtain an average fDM = 31%. The fDM rises to 61% if, instead, a Chabrier IMF is assumed. For both IMFs, the dark matter fraction increases with the total mass of the galaxy (3sigma correlation). Based on the intrinsic angular momentum parameter calculated from our models, we find that the galaxies can be divided into two dynamically distinct groups, which are shown to correspond to the usual classes of the slow and fast rotators. Overall, the SLACS systems are structurally and dynamically very similar to their nearby counterparts, indicating that the inner regions of earlytype galaxies have undergone little, if any, evolution since redshift z ~ 0.35. (Abridged)
 Publication:

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
 Pub Date:
 August 2011
 DOI:
 10.1111/j.13652966.2011.18842.x
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1102.2261
 Bibcode:
 2011MNRAS.415.2215B
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 27 pages, 34 figures. MNRAS, in press