High-frequency turbulence and suspended sediment concentration measurements in the Garonne River tidal bore
The study details new sediment concentration measurements associated with some turbulence characterisation conducted at high-frequency in the undular tidal bore of the Garonne River (France). Acoustic Doppler velocimetry was used, and the suspended sediment concentration was deduced from the acoustic backscatter intensity. The field data set demonstrated some unique flow features of the tidal bore including some large and rapid turbulent velocity fluctuations during and after the bore passage. Some unusually high suspended sediment concentration was observed about 100 s after the tidal bore front lasting for more than 10 min. It is thought that the tidal bore passage scoured the bed and convected upwards the bed material, reaching the free-surface after the bore passage. Behind the tidal bore, the net sediment flux magnitude was 30 times larger than the ebb tide net flux and directed upstream. A striking feature of the data set was the intense mixing and suspended sediment motion during the tidal bore and following flood tide. This feature has been rarely documented.