Energetic processes revealed by spectrally resolved high-J CO lines in low-mass star-forming regions with Herschel-HIFI
Herschel-HIFI observations of high-J lines (up to Ju = 10) of 12CO, 13CO and C18O are presented toward three deeply embedded low-mass protostars in NGC 1333. The observations show several energetic components including shocked and quiescent gas. Radiative transfer models are used to quantify the C18O envelope abundance which require a jump in the abundance at an evaporation temperature, Tev ~ 25 K, providing new direct evidence of a CO ice evaporation zone around protostars. The abundance in the outermost part of the envelope, X0, is within the canonical value of 2 × 10-4; however the inner abundance, Xin, is found around a factor of 3-5 lower than X0.
EAS Publications Series
- Pub Date:
- November 2011
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- 2 pages, 1 figure, to appear in the proceedings of the conference: "Conditions and impact of star formation: New results with Herschel and beyond" (The 5th Zermatt ISM Symposium)