Studying Extreme Ultraviolet Wave Transients with a Digital Laboratory: Direct Comparison of Extreme Ultraviolet Wave Observations to Global Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations
In this work, we describe our effort to explore the signatures of large-scale extreme ultraviolet (EUV) transients in the solar corona (EUV waves) using a three-dimensional thermodynamic magnetohydrodynamic model. We conduct multiple simulations of the 2008 March 25 EUV wave (~18:40 UT), observed both on and off of the solar disk by the STEREO-A and B spacecraft. By independently varying fundamental parameters thought to govern the physical mechanisms behind EUV waves in each model, such as the ambient magneto-sonic speed, eruption free energy, and eruption handedness, we are able to assess their respective contributions to the transient signature. A key feature of this work is the ability to synthesize the multi-filter response of the STEREO Extreme UltraViolet Imagers directly from model data, which gives a means for direct interpretation of EUV observations with full knowledge of the three-dimensional magnetic and thermodynamic structures in the simulations. We discuss the implications of our results with respect to some commonly held interpretations of EUV waves (e.g., fast-mode magnetosonic wave, plasma compression, reconnection front, etc.) and present a unified scenario which includes both a wave-like component moving at the fast magnetosonic speed and a coherent driven compression front related to the eruptive event itself.