Effects of attractive interactions in the thermodynamic, dynamic and structural anomalies of a two length scale potential
Using molecular dynamic simulations we study a system of particles interacting through a continuous core-softened potentials consisting of a hard core, a shoulder at closest distances and an attractive well at further distance. We obtain the pressure-temperature phase diagram of of this system for various depths of the tunable attractive well. Since this is a two length scales potential, density, diffusion and structural anomalies are expected. We show that the effect of increasing the attractive interaction between the molecules is to shrink the region in pressure in which the density and the diffusion anomalies are present. If the attractive forces are too strong, particle will be predominantly in one of the two length scales and no density of diffusion anomaly is observed. The structural anomalous region is present for all the cases.