Dissipations, e.g. heat flow and bulk and shear viscosities, cause the transport of energy, momentum and angular momentum, which is the essence of accretion of matters onto celestial objects. Dissipations are usually described by the Fourier and Navier-Stokes laws ("classic laws" of dissipations). However the classic laws result in an infinitely fast propagation of dissipations. In relativistic formulation, the classic laws of dissipations violate the causality, and hence no relativistic theory of accretion flow onto celestial object is formulated. In this short report, we summarize the causal dissipative hydrodynamics, so-called "Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics" (EIT), with a supplemental comment of which the original works of EIT are not aware, and then show two theorems about relativistic dissipative flows around a Schwarzschild black hole. By these theorems, a significant property of EIT in contrast with classic laws of dissipations is clarified, and a dissipative instability of an exact solution of relativistic perfect fluid flow is also obtained.
- Pub Date:
- February 2010
- Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena;
- General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
- 4 pages. Theorem 1 was mistaken, and it is replaced by a correct one. Based on a talk in JGRG19 (19th Workshop on General Relativity and Cosmology, Japan)