Non-Mendelian determinant [ISP+] in yeast is a nuclear-residing prion form of the global transcriptional regulator Sfp1
Four protein-based genetic determinants or prions-[SWI+], [MCA], [OCT+], and [MOT3+]-are recent additions to the list of well-known Saccharomyces cerevisiae prions, [PSI+], [URE3], and [PIN+]. A rapid expansion of this list may indicate that many yeast proteins can convert into heritable prion forms and underscores a problem of prion input into cellular physiology. Here, we prove that the global transcriptional regulator Sfp1 can become a prion corresponding to the prion-like determinant [ISP+] described earlier. We show that SFP1 deletion causes an irreversible [ISP+] loss, whereas increased SFP1 expression induces [ISP+] appearance. Cells that display the [ISP+] phenotype contain the aggregated form of Sfp1. Indeed, these aggregates demonstrate a nuclear location. We also show that the phenotypic manifestation of Sfp1 prionization differs from the manifestation of SFP1 deletion. These properties and others distinguish [ISP+] from yeast prions described to date.