Characterization of specially designed polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber from far field radiation patterns
We report the development of theory and experiment for the characterization of polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber (PM PCF) from far field intensity measurements. In this specially designed photonic crystal fiber, the air hole diameters along orthogonal axes adjacent to the core region are different, and hence create an effective index difference between the two orthogonal polarization modes. From the experimental measurements of the far field radiation pattern, we obtain transmission characteristics of PM PCF in terms of mode field diameters (MFD), V-values along major and minor axes, mode field area, birefringence, core radius, effective refractive index of cladding and numerical apertures along major and minor axes of PM PCFs. It is shown that the experimentally obtained geometrical and wave guiding parameters of the PM PCF match with the manufacturer/simulation/scanning electron microscope (SEM) data within the experimental limits.