We present a statistically complete sample of very X-ray luminous galaxy clusters detected in the MAssive Cluster Survey (MACS). This second MACS release comprises all 34 MACS clusters with nominal X-ray fluxes in excess of 2 × 10-12ergs-1cm-2 (0.1-2.4 keV) in the ROSAT Bright Source Catalogue; two-thirds of them are new discoveries. Extending over the redshift range from 0.3 to 0.5, this subset complements the complete sample of the 12 most distant MACS clusters (z > 0.5) published in 2007 and further exemplifies the efficacy of X-ray selection for the compilation of samples of intrinsically massive galaxy clusters. Extensive follow-up observations with Chandra/ACIS led to three additional MACS cluster candidates being eliminated as (predominantly) X-ray point sources. For another four clusters - which, however, remain in our sample of 34 - the point-source contamination was found to be about 50 per cent. The median X-ray luminosity of 1.3 × 1045ergs-1 (0.1-2.4 keV, Chandra, within r500) of the clusters in this subsample demonstrates the power of the MACS strategy to find the most extreme and rarest clusters out to significant redshift. A comparison of the optical and X-ray data for all clusters in this release finds a wide range of morphologies with no obvious bias in favour of either relaxed or merging systems.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
- Pub Date:
- September 2010
- galaxies: clusters: general;
- X-rays: galaxies: clusters;
- Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
- 10 pages, 6 figures, 2 tables