Fractal dimension as a measure of the scale of homogeneity
Abstract
In the multifractal analysis of the largescale matter distribution, the scale of the transition to homogeneity is defined as the scale above which the fractal dimension (D_{q}) of the underlying point distribution is equal to the ambient dimension (D) of the space in which points are distributed. With the finite sized weakly clustered distribution of tracers obtained from galaxy redshift surveys it is difficult to achieve this equality. Recently Bagla et al. have defined the scale of homogeneity to be the scale above which the deviation (∆D_{q}) of the fractal dimension from the ambient dimension becomes smaller than the statistical dispersion of ∆D_{q}, i.e. . In this paper we use the relation between the fractal dimensions and the correlation function to compute for any given model in the limit of weak clustering amplitude. We compare ∆D_{q} and for the Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) model and discuss the implication of this comparison for the expected scale of homogeneity in the concordant model of cosmology. We estimate the upper limit to the scale of homogeneity to be close to 260h^{1}Mpc for the ΛCDM model. Actual estimates of the scale of homogeneity should be smaller than this as we have considered only the statistical contribution to and we have ignored cosmic variance and contributions due to survey geometry and the selection function. Errors arising due to these factors enhance and as ∆D_{q} decreases with increasing scale, we expect to measure a smaller scale of homogeneity. We find that as long as nonlinear corrections to the computation of ∆D_{q} are insignificant, the scale of homogeneity does not change with epoch. The scale of homogeneity depends very weakly on the choice of tracer of the density field. Thus the suggested definition of the scale of homogeneity is fairly robust.
 Publication:

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
 Pub Date:
 July 2010
 DOI:
 10.1111/j.13652966.2010.16612.x
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1001.0617
 Bibcode:
 2010MNRAS.405.2009Y
 Keywords:

 methods: statistical;
 cosmology: theory;
 largescale structure of Universe;
 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 7 pages, two figures. Accepted for publication in the MNRAS