Let u be a function of n independent variables x1,…,xn, and let U=(u) be the Hessian matrix of u. The symplectic Monge-Ampère equation is defined as a linear relation among all possible minors of U. Particular examples include the equation detU=1 governing improper affine spheres and the so-called heavenly equation, u13u24-u23u14=1, describing self-dual Ricci-flat 4-manifolds. In this paper we classify integrable symplectic Monge-Ampère equations in four dimensions (for n=3 the integrability of such equations is known to be equivalent to their linearisability). This problem can be reformulated geometrically as the classification of 'maximally singular' hyperplane sections of the Plücker embedding of the Lagrangian Grassmannian. We formulate a conjecture that any integrable equation of the form F(u)=0 in more than three dimensions is necessarily of the symplectic Monge-Ampère type.
Journal of Geometry and Physics
- Pub Date:
- October 2010
- Mathematics - Differential Geometry;
- Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems;
- 20 pages