Offequatorial orbits in strong gravitational fields near compact objects—II: halo motion around magnetic compact stars and magnetized black holes
Abstract
Offequatorial circular orbits with constant latitudes (halo orbits) of electrically charged particles exist near compact objects. In the previous paper, we discussed this kind of motion and demonstrated the existence of minima of the twodimensional effective potential which correspond to the stable halo orbits. Here, we relax previous assumptions of the pseudoNewtonian approach for the gravitational field of the central body and study properties of the halo orbits in detail. Within the general relativistic approach, we carry out our calculations in two cases. Firstly, we examine the case of a rotating magnetic compact star. Assuming that the magnetic field axis and the rotation axis are aligned with each other, we study the orientation of motion along the stable halo orbits. In the poloidal plane, we also discuss shapes of the related effective potential halo lobes where the general offequatorial motion can be bound. Then we focus on the halo orbits near a Kerr black hole immersed in an asymptotically uniform magnetic field of external origin. We demonstrate that, in both the cases considered, the lobes exhibit two different regimes, namely one where completely disjoint lobes occur symmetrically above and below the equatorial plane, and another where the lobes are joined across the plane. A possible application of the model concerns the structure of putative circumpulsar discs consisting of dust particles. We suggest that the particles can acquire a small (but nonzero) net electric charge, and this drives them to form the halo lobes.
 Publication:

Classical and Quantum Gravity
 Pub Date:
 July 2010
 DOI:
 10.1088/02649381/27/13/135006
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1005.3270
 Bibcode:
 2010CQGra..27m5006K
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics  High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena;
 General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
 EPrint:
 24 pages, 7 figures