Modeling Multi-wavelength Stellar Astrometry. II. Determining Absolute Inclinations, Gravity-darkening Coefficients, and Spot Parameters of Single Stars with SIM Lite
We present a novel technique to determine the absolute inclination of single stars using multi-wavelength submilliarcsecond astrometry. The technique exploits the effect of gravity darkening, which causes a wavelength-dependent astrometric displacement parallel to a star's projected rotation axis. We find that this effect is clearly detectable using SIM Lite for various giant stars and rapid rotators, and present detailed models for multiple systems using the REFLUX code. We also explore the multi-wavelength astrometric reflex motion induced by spots on single stars. We find that it should be possible to determine spot size, relative temperature, and some positional information for both giant and nearby main-sequence stars utilizing multi-wavelength SIM Lite data. These data will be extremely useful in stellar and exoplanet astrophysics, as well as supporting the primary SIM Lite mission through proper multi-wavelength calibration of the giant star astrometric reference frame, and reduction of noise introduced by starspots when searching for extrasolar planets.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- November 2010
- stars: fundamental parameters;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- 8 pages, 7 figures, 4 tables. Accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal