Recent wide-field near-infrared surveys have uncovered a large number of cool brown dwarfs (BDs), extending the temperature sequence down to less than 500 K and constraining the faint end of the luminosity function (LF). One interesting implication of the derived LF is that the BD census in the immediate (<10 pc) solar neighborhood is still largely incomplete, and some bright (J < 16) BDs remain to be identified in existing surveys. These objects are especially interesting as they are the ones that can be studied in most detail, especially with techniques that require large fluxes (e.g., time-variability, polarimetry, and high-resolution spectroscopy) that cannot realistically be applied to objects uncovered by deep surveys. By cross-matching the DEep Near-Infrared Survey of the Southern sky (DENIS) and the Two Micron All Sky Survey point-source catalogs, we have identified an overlooked BD—DENIS J081730.0-615520—that is the brightest field mid-T dwarf in the sky (J = 13.6). We present astrometry and spectroscopy follow-up observations of this BD. Our data indicate a spectral type T6 and a distance—from parallax measurement—of 4.9 ± 0.3 pc, placing this mid-T dwarf among the three closest isolated BDs to the Sun.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- July 2010
- brown dwarfs;
- stars: individual: DENIS J081730.0─615520 2MASS 08173001─6155158;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- accepted for publication in ApJL, 3 figures