Inhomogeneities in the Universe with exact solutions of General Relativity
Abstract
It is commonly stated that we have entered the era of precision cosmology in which a number of important observations have reached a degree of precision, and a level of agreement with theory, that is comparable with many Earthbased physics experiments. One of the consequences is the need to examine at what point our usual, wellworn assumption of homogeneity associated to the use of perturbation theory begins to compromise the accuracy of our models. It is now a widely accepted fact that the effect of the inhomogeneities observed in the Universe cannot be ignored when one wants to construct an accurate cosmological model. Wellestablished physics can explain several of the observed phenomena without introducing highly speculative elements, like dark matter, dark energy, exponential expansion at densities never attained in any experiment (i.e. inflation), and the like. Two main classes of methods are currently used to deal with these issues. Averaging, sometimes linked to fitting procedures a la Stoegger and Ellis, provide us with one promising way of solving the problem. Another approach is the use of exact inhomogeneous solutions of General Relativity. This will be developed here.
 Publication:

American Institute of Physics Conference Series
 Pub Date:
 June 2010
 DOI:
 10.1063/1.3462715
 arXiv:
 arXiv:0911.2597
 Bibcode:
 2010AIPC.1241..767C
 Keywords:

 cosmology;
 dark matter;
 radiofrequency cosmic radiation;
 functional analysis;
 98.80.Cq;
 95.35.+d;
 98.70.Vc;
 02.30.Sa;
 Particletheory and fieldtheory models of the early Universe;
 Dark matter;
 Background radiations;
 Functional analysis;
 Physics  General Physics;
 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 13 pages, 6 figures, to be published in the proceedings of the Invisible Universe International Conference, held in Paris, 29 June  3 July 2009, eds. J.M. Alimi, A. Fuzfa and P.S. Corasaniti