The impact of the 2010 Chilean tsunami is studied using the NOAA high-resolution tsunami forecast model augmented to include modeled tide heights in addition to deep-water tsunami propagation as boundary-condition input. The Chilean tsunami was observed at the Los Angeles tide station at mean low water, Hilo at low, Pago Pago at mid tide and Wake Island near high tide. Because the tsunami arrived at coastal communities at a representative variety of tide stages, 2010 Chile tsunami provides opportunity to study the tsunami impacts at different tide levels to different communities. The current forecast models are computed with a constant tidal stage, and this study evaluates techniques for adding an additional varying predicted tidal component in a forecasting context. Computed wave amplitudes, wave currents and flooding are compared at locations around the Pacific, and the difference in tsunami impact due to tidal stage is studied. This study focuses on how tsunami impacts vary with different tide levels, and helps us understand how the inclusion of tidal components can improve real-time forecast accuracy.
AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts
- Pub Date:
- December 2010
- 0545 COMPUTATIONAL GEOPHYSICS / Modeling;
- 4277 OCEANOGRAPHY: GENERAL / Time series experiments;
- 4564 OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL / Tsunamis and storm surges;
- 7294 SEISMOLOGY / Seismic instruments and networks