Context. Classical T Tauri stars (CTTS) differ in their X-ray signatures from older pre-main sequence stars, e.g., weak-lined TTS (WTTS). CTTS exhibit a soft excess and deviations from the low-density coronal limit in the He-like triplets.
Aims: We test whether these features correlate with either accretion or the presence of a disk by observing IM Lup, a disk-bearing object apparently in transition between CTTS and WTTS without obvious accretion.
Methods: We analyse a Chandra grating spectrum and additional XMM-Newton data of IM Lup and accompanying optical spectra, some of which where taken simultaneously with the X-ray observations. We fit the X-ray emission lines and decompose the Hα emission line into different components.
Results: In X-rays, IM Lup has a bright and hot active corona, where elements with low first-ionisation potential are depleted. The He-like Ne ix triplet is in the low-density state, but because of the small number of counts in the data a high-density scenario cannot be excluded at the 90% confidence level. In terms of all its X-ray properties, IM Lup resembles a main-sequence star, but is also compatible with CTTS signatures at the 90% confidence level, thus we cannot decide whether the soft excess and deviations from the low-density coronal limit for the He-like triplets in CTTS are produced by accretion or only the presence of a disk. The star IM Lup is chromospherically active, which accounts for most of its emission in Hα. Despite its low equivalent width, the complexity of the Hα line profile is reminiscent of CTTS. We estimate the mass accretion rate to be 10-11 M⊙ yr-1.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- September 2010
- stars: formation;
- stars: individual: IM Lup;
- X-rays: stars;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- 10 pages, 6 figures, accepted by A&