The dispersionless 2D Toda equation: dressing, Cauchy problem, longtime behaviour, implicit solutions and wave breaking
Abstract
We have recently solved the inverse spectral problem for oneparameter families of vector fields, and used this result to construct the formal solution of the Cauchy problem for a class of integrable nonlinear partial differential equations in multidimensions, including the second heavenly equation of Plebanski and the dispersionless KadomtsevPetviashvili (dKP) equation, arising as commutation of vector fields. In this paper, we make use of the above theory (i) to construct the nonlinear RiemannHilbert dressing for the socalled twodimensional dispersionless Toda equation \left(exp(\varphi)\right)_{tt}=\varphi_{\zeta_1\zeta_2} , elucidating the spectral mechanism responsible for wave breaking; (ii) we present the formal solution of the Cauchy problem for the wave form of it: (exp(phiv))_{tt} = phiv_{xx} + phiv_{yy}; (iii) we obtain the longtime behaviour of the solutions of such a Cauchy problem, showing that it is essentially described by the longtime breaking formulae of the dKP solutions, confirming the expected universal character of the dKP equation as prototype model in the description of the gradient catastrophe of twodimensional waves; (iv) we finally characterize a class of spectral data allowing one to linearize the RH problem, corresponding to a class of implicit solutions of the PDE.
 Publication:

Journal of Physics A Mathematical General
 Pub Date:
 March 2009
 DOI:
 10.1088/17518113/42/9/095203
 arXiv:
 arXiv:0810.4676
 Bibcode:
 2009JPhA...42i5203M
 Keywords:

 Nonlinear Sciences  Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems
 EPrint:
 22 pages