High voltage spinel cathode materials for high energy density and high rate capability Li ion rechargeable batteries
We have synthesized LiMn 1.5Ni 0.4Cr 0.1O 4 cathode material for high energy density Li ion rechargeable batteries using sol-gel method. The synthesized materials were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and charge-discharge characteristics. It was found that phase pure materials were obtained an annealing temperature of 875 °C for 15 h. The maximum discharge capacity at a constant charge-discharge current rate 1 C, 0.5 C, and 0.2 C were found to be about 99 mAh g -1, 110 mAh g -1, and 131 mAh g -1, respectively. The capacity retentions after 50 charge-discharge cycles were found to be about 99%, 97%, and 97.3% at discharge current rates of 0.2 C, 0.5 C, and 1 C. The stable electrochemical behavior of the above cathode material even at high C rate, showed that it could be used for high energy density and high rate capability Li ion rechargeable batteries.