Pyrrolidinium-based polymeric ionic liquids as mechanically and electrochemically stable polymer electrolytes
A new family of polymeric ionic liquids having pyrrolidinium cation pendant units was synthesized from commercially available poly(diallyldimethylammonium) chloride. A simple anion exchange procedure was applied to the poly(diallyldimethylammonium) chloride using different salts such as LiTFSI, KPF 6, LiBF 4 and NaDBSA. The anion exchange reaction was quantitative as confirmed by NMR, FT-IR and titration experiments. Among these polymers, poly(diallyldimethylammonium) bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI) showed excellent performance as polymer matrix for polymer electrolyte compositions together with pyrrolidinium ionic liquid and lithium salt having a similar TFSI counter-anion. In this sense, free standing mechanically stable transparent polymer films showing an ionic conductivity higher than 10 -4 S cm -1 at room temperature were prepared and characterized. Furthermore, the polymer electrolytes presented a wide electrochemical stability window (7.0 V) which makes them interesting candidates for solid-state lithium batteries.