Kinematics of Flows on Curved, Deformable Media
Abstract
In this article, we first investigate the kinematics of specific geodesic flows on two dimensional media with constant curvature, by explicitly solving the evolution (Raychaudhuri) equations for the expansion, shear and rotation along the flows. We point out the existence of singular (within a finite value of the time parameter) and nonsingular solutions and illustrate our results through a `phase' diagram. This diagram demonstrates under which initial conditions (or combinations thereof) we end up with a singularity in the congruence and when, if at all, we encounter nonsingular solutions for the kinematic variables. Our analysis illustrates the differences which arise due to a positive or negative value of the curvature. Subsequently, we move on to geodesic flows on two dimensional spaces with varying curvature. As an example, we discuss flows on a torus, where interesting oscillatory features of the expansion, shear and rotation emerge, which are found to depend on the ratio of the radii of the torus. The singular (within a finite time)/nonsingular nature of the solutions are also discussed. Finally, we arrive at some general statements and point out similarities or dissimilarities that arise in comparison to our earlier work on media in flat space.
 Publication:

International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics
 Pub Date:
 2009
 DOI:
 10.1142/S0219887809003746
 arXiv:
 arXiv:0804.4089
 Bibcode:
 2009IJGMM..06..645D
 Keywords:

 Physics  Classical Physics;
 General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
 Mathematical Physics;
 Physics  General Physics
 EPrint:
 Corrections in some equations and in one figure.