InteractionLocalization Paradigm: Bose Gas in a random Environment
Abstract
The localizationdisorder paradigm is analyzed for a specific system of weakly repulsive Bose gas at zero temperature placed into a quenched random potential. We show that, at low average density or weak enough interaction the particles fill deep potential wells of the random potential whose radius and depth depend on the characteristics of the random potential and the interacting gas. The localized state is the random singlet with no longrange phase correlation. At a critical density the quantum phase transition to the coherent superfluid state proceeds. We calculate the critical density in terms of the geometrical characteristics of the noise and the gas. In a finite system the ground state becomes nonergodic at very low density. For atoms in traps four different regimes are found, only one of it is superfluid. The theory is extended to lower (1 and 2) dimensions. Its quantitative predictions can be checked in experiments with ultracold atomic gases and other Bosesystems.
This article is an extended version of a presentation delivered by one of the authors (V.L.P.) at a Conference on Modern Trends in Theoretical Physics dedicated to the Lev Landau Centenary (Chernogolovka, Russia, June 2008).
 Publication:

Advances in Theoretical Physics: Landau Memorial Conference
 Pub Date:
 May 2009
 DOI:
 10.1063/1.3149492
 Bibcode:
 2009AIPC.1134....1P
 Keywords:

 63.20.Pw;
 03.75.Kk;
 03.65.Ge;
 67.60.g;
 67.40.Rp;
 64.60.i;
 Localized modes;
 Dynamic properties of condensates;
 collective and hydrodynamic excitations superfluid flow;
 Solutions of wave equations: bound states;
 Mixed systems;
 liquid <sup>3</sup>He <sup>4</sup>He mixtures;
 Films and weak link transport;
 General studies of phase transitions