X-rays are radiated due to the bremsstrahlung caused by the collision of electrons with a metal target placed opposite the negative electric surface of a crystal by changing the temperature of a LiNbO3 single crystal uniaxially polarized in the c-axis direction. It is suggested that both electric field intensity and electron density determine the intensity of X-ray radiation. Electrons are supplied by the ionization of residual gas in space, field emission from a case inside which a crystal is located, considered to be due to the high electric-field intensity formed by the surface charges on the crystal, and an external electron source, such as a thermionic source. In a high vacuum, it was found that the electrons supplied by electric-field emission mainly contribute to the radiation of X-rays. It was found that the integrated intensity of X-rays can be maximized by supplying electrons both external and by electric-field emission. Furthermore, the integrated intensity of the X-rays is stable for many repeated temperature changes.
Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry: Twentieth International Conference
- Pub Date:
- March 2009
- Photon dosimetry: theory and algorithms;
- X-ray beams and x-ray optics;
- Field emission and field-ion microscopy