Aims. We investigate wave propagation and energy transport in magnetic elements, which are representatives of small scale magnetic flux concentrations in the magnetic network on the Sun. This is a continuation of earlier work by Hasan et al. (2005, ApJ, 631, 1270). The new features in the present investigation include a quantitative evaluation of the energy transport in the various modes and for different field strengths, as well as the effect of the boundary-layer thickness on wave propagation.
Methods: We carry out 2D MHD numerical simulations of magnetic flux concentrations for strong and moderate magnetic fields for which β (the ratio of gas to magnetic pressure) on the tube axis at the photospheric base is 0.4 and 1.7, respectively. Waves are excited in the tube and ambient medium by a transverse impulsive motion of the lower boundary.
Results: The nature of the modes excited depends on the value of β. Mode conversion occurs in the moderate field case when the fast mode crosses the β = 1 contour. In the strong field case the fast mode undergoes conversion from predominantly magnetic to predominantly acoustic when waves are leaking from the interior of the flux concentration to the ambient medium. We also estimate the energy fluxes in the acoustic and magnetic modes and find that in the strong field case, the vertically directed acoustic wave fluxes reach spatially averaged, temporal maximum values of a few times 106 erg cm-2 s-1 at chromospheric height levels.
Conclusions: The main conclusions of our work are twofold: firstly, for transverse, impulsive excitation, flux tubes/sheets with strong fields are more efficient than those with weak fields in providing acoustic flux to the chromosphere. However, there is insufficient energy in the acoustic flux to balance the chromospheric radiative losses in the network, even for the strong field case. Secondly, the acoustic emission from the interface between the flux concentration and the ambient medium decreases with the width of the boundary layer.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- December 2009
- Sun: magnetic fields;
- Sun: photosphere;
- Sun: faculae;
- magnetohydrodynamics (MHD);
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- Accepted for publication in A&